Riattivazione di paesi abbandonati e in via di abbandono: il Borgo di Carbonara nel Comune di Aquilonia (Av)

Katia Fabbricatti, Marco Petroni, Vincenzo Tenore
Firenze University Press
In Europe, particularly in Italy, the depopulation of entire inland – and in particular mountain – areas is an undergoing reality and requires urgent reflections and effective interventions at the national and local level. The Confcommercio-Legambiente report on Italy’s problematic settlements between 1996-2016 forecasts tells us of 1650 abandoned towns in 2016. The risk is the loss of an historical and cultural valuable heritage, and of immense economic, social and most of all environmental resources, containing a historical memory linked to ‘making’. Although in recent years we are witnessing a slow rediscovery of the strategic role that these places can play within an overall framework of territorial development and decompression of congested urban areas, Italy lack the experience that could trigger long term innovative processes. The project described in this paper, starting from the potential offered by the current worldwide technological and cultural revolution, proposes a reactivation model for mountain inland areas, based on the renewal of local skills and supported by the creative know-how of makers. This strategy aims to increase the resilience of these territories, triggering dynamic and durable relational and productive processes. This experimentation is taking place in Carbonara village, on the Irpinia mountains, abandoned after the 1930 earthquake.